Contributing to Python
Welcome! This page contains instructions for getting started with contributing to Python. They cover practicing some of the common tools of open source development, as well as steps for contributing specifically to Python.
These instructions were written for prospective GNOME Outreach Program for Women and Google Summer of Code interns, but are relevant for anyone interested in contributing to CPython and the standard library.
Part 1: environment setup
Goal #1: install an IRC client
IRC is a real-time chat protocol that open source projects often use to talk about the project and as a medium for users and developers to help each other.
Please follow the instructions below for your operating system to install IRC and join the #pyladies IRC channel on Freenode:
Many of the tools of open source development are primarily used via the command line. Let's get some practice with navigating the computer from the command line.
Goal #3: Get familiar with the Python bug tracker
Python tracks bugs and features at http://bugs.python.org/. Please create an account on this site now.
Next, familiarize yourself with how Python uses its bug tracker by exploring and finding answers to the following questions:
- What is the oldest open Python ticket?
- How many open issues need a patch?
- How many "critical"-level open issues are there?
Goal #4: practice using version control
Mercurial is the distributed version control system Python uses to manages changes to its code.
If you have not used Mercurial before, please go through this tutorial.
Goal #5: practice creating patches
Code changes are represented in a concise and standard format called a "diff". patch is a utility which applies a "diff" to someone else's copy of the code.
If you have not used diff and patch before, please go through the diff and patch training mission at:
Part II: contributing to Python
Goal #1: join the mailing list
The Python community has a lot of mailing lists. The 2 big ones for new contributors are:
- core-mentorship: This is a great place to ask questions about contributing, ask for reviews, and get suggestions for bugs to work on.
- python-dev: The main mailing list for developing and releasing Python. Please do not ask general Python questions on this list.
The core-mentorship mailing list will be our focus as we get settled in, so please join the list now.
Goal #2: read the developer guide
Python has excellent documentation for getting started with contribution in its developer guide: http://docs.python.org/devguide/
Please read through the following sections of the developer guide:
- Quick start
- Where to get help
- The lifecycle of a patch
- Writing and running tests
- Using the issue tracker
- The CPython development cycle
By the end, you'll:
- Have downloaded the Python source code
- Built Python
- Run the test suite
- Have an overview of the development cycle.
Don't worry if this doesn't feel fully digested yet! The process will become clearer with practice.
Goal #3: pick a bug to work on
It's time to pick a Python bug to work on! Visit http://bugs.python.org/ and browse for one that looks good.
It's a bit of an art to determine if a bug is good for a new contributor, so here are some suggestions:
First, the developer guide suggests 2 good areas for first-time contributors:
If those sound interesting to you, look for issues in those areas.
Next, for the office hours on Sunday, March 9th, we'll have a list of beginner-friendly bugs. Check back here on Sunday to review that list.
Finally, you can always ask for help or suggestions on the core-mentorship mailing list or in the #pyladies IRC channel.
Goal #4: submit a patch for a Python bug
Follow the steps in the developer guide to create and submit a patch for your bug: http://docs.python.org/devguide/patch.html.
Make sure to run the test suite first and that the tests all still pass!
Goal #5: start working on your application
If you are a prospective GNOME Outreach Program for Women or Google Summer of Code intern, you're ready to start working on your application.
Let the core mentorship mailing list know that you've submitted your patch and are ready to apply for the internship. We'll craft an application together for a project that fits your background and interests and what you want to learn this summer!