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Python on Windows: Difference between revisions

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== Download and install Python ==
If you believe you already have Python installed, please let a staff member know before completing these steps.
<li>Go toClick http://python.org/downloadftp/python/ and download the latest version of Python 2.7 (.1/python-2.7.1.msi atand thechoose time"run" ofif writing)you have the option to. UnlessOtherwise, yousave knowit otherwiseto your Desktop, getthen theminimize "Windowswindows Installer"to see your versiondesktop, and notdouble click on it to start the "Windowsinstaller. X86-64Follow Installer"the installer instructions to versioncompletion.</li>
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* On Windows Vista or Windows 7: click on the Start menu (the Windows logo in the lower left of the screen), type <code>cmd</code> into the Search field directly above the Start menu button, and click on "cmd" in the search results above the Search field.
<li>Test your Python install at the command prompt using the "-V" version flag:
* On Windows XP: click on the Start menu (the Windows logo in the lower left of the screen), click on "Run...", type <code>cmd</code> into the text box, and hit enter.
<br />
You now have what's called a command prompt. This command prompt is another way of navigating your computer and running programs -- just textually instead of graphically. We are going to be running Python and Python scripts from this command prompt.
<li>At this <code>C:\</code> prompt that appears, test your Python install by typing
\Python27\python.exe -V
and hitting enter. You should see something like
Python 2.7.1 (r271:86832, ...) on win32
You just started Python! The <code>>>></code> indicates that you are at a new type of prompt -- a Python prompt. The command prompt let's you navigate your computer and run programs, and the Python prompt lets you write and run Python code interactively.
<li>To exit the Python prompt, type
and press Enter. This will take you back to the Windows command prompt (the <code>C:\</code> you saw earlier).</li>
== Put Python on the PATH ==
You might have noticed that you typed a "full path" to the Python application above when launching Python (<code>python.exe</code> is the application, but we typed <code>\Python27\python.exe</code>). In this step, you will configure your computer so that you can run Python without typing the ''Python27'' directory name.
=== Get to System Properties ===
# Open up "My Computer" by clicking on the Start menu or the Windows logo in the lower-left hand corner, and navigate to "My Computer" (for Windows XP) or "Computer" (For Vista and Windows 7).
# ''Right-click'' on the empty space in the window, and choose ''Properties''.
==== If you're using XP ====
A window labeled "System Properties" will pop up.
# Click the "Advanced" tab.
==== If you're not using XP ====
A window labeled "View basic information about your computer" will appear.
# In this window, click "Advanced system settings"
A window with the title "System Properties" will appear.
=== Edit the Path ===
# Within System Properties, make sure you are in the tab labeled "Advanced".
# Click the button labeled "Environment Variables".
#* A window labeled "Environment Variables" will appear.
# In this window, the screen is split between "User variables" and "System variables". Within "System variables", scroll down and find the one labeled '''Path'''. Click the "Edit..." button.
#* A window with the "Variable name" and the "Variable value" should appear. The "Variable value" will already have some text in it; click in the box to unhighlight it (we don't want to accidentally delete that text).
# In the "Variable value" box, scroll to the end. Add the following text, and hit OK. Make sure to include the semicolon at the start! <pre>;c:\python27\;c:\python27\scripts</pre>
# Hit "OK" to close out the system properties changes.
# Test your change:
## Open up a <b>new</b> command prompt: you do this the same way you did above when installing python. This needs to be a new command prompt because the changes you just made didn't take affect in prompts that were already open.
## Type <code>python</code> into the command prompt to start Python
## Notice that you now get a Python interpreter, indicated by the change to a <code>>>></code> prompt.
## Exit the Python prompt by typing <pre>exit()</pre> and hitting enter. Now you're back at the Windows command prompt (<code>C:\</code>).
== Success! ==
You have Python installed and configured.
[[Boston Python workshop 2/Friday setup|&laquo; Back to the Friday setup page]]
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